Disease Fact Sheets: Measles

Measles is spread when an infected person talks, breathes, coughs or sneezes tiny particles containing infectious agents into the air. These are called small particle aerosols. Due to their tiny size, small particle aerosols can travel long distances on air currents and remain suspended in the air for minutes to hours. These small particle aerosols may…

Disease Fact Sheets: Rubella a.k.a German Measles

Rubella is an infection caused by the rubella virus; it can cause severe harm to the unborn child. The number of german measles cases has fallen dramatically, thanks to vaccination programs, but the battle against this infection is not yet won. Also known as German measles, it is an acute viral infection that usually affects…

Disease Fact Sheets: Influenza a.k.a The Flu

Influenza, commonly known as “The Flu”, is an infection of the nose, throat and lungs caused by the influenza A or B (or rarely C) viruses. It is highly infectious. In Indonesia, there is no particular season for Influenza, thus may occur all year long. This fact sheet covers seasonal influenza – information on avian…

Disease Fact Sheets: Common Cold a.k.a Pilek

The common cold (pilek) may be caused by any of over 200 known cold viruses, such as the rhinovirus. No, the virus does not have the shape of rhinos. Although most Indonesian people say that they have The Flu every time they have runny or stuffy nose, 9/10 times it is not. Getting a cold…

How Infectious Diseases Can Spread

Are we alone in this universe? The answer is no. Unfortunately we’re not talking about aliens, but germs and how infectious diseases can easily spread. Predating human lives – or any animal lives for that matter – single-celled organisms, bacterias, viruses, and other micro-organisms exists. Thriving in the earth’s atmosphere, continually surviving and adapting through…