The burden of typhoid fever (locally referred by Indonesians as Sakit Tipes, Sakit Tipus) remains high in areas with high density population (people > land). This is due to lack of food-handling hygiene, and overall sanitation. Increasing antibiotic resistance is also making treatment more and more costly. Although improvements in water and sanitation infrastructure and food hygiene could reduce the disease burden and lessen the threat of antibiotic resistance, another strategy to reduce typhoid cases in the near term is vaccination with new-generation Typhoid Vaccine in high-risk areas.
Typhoid Fever; Considered A Mild Disease In Indonesia.
Most Indonesian people have definitely heard about Typhoid Fever. Most have even had Typhoid Infection(s) at some point in their lives. You are prone to Typhoid Fever if you eat food or drink beverages served by a food handler who is shedding Salmonella typhi. You can also get typhoid fever if Salmonella typhi gets into the water you use for drinking or washing food through sewage contamination. Unclean hands of street food vendor, houseflies, and unsanitary food utensils (plates, cups, spoons, etc) are some main sources of infection. Therefore, Typhoid Fever is more common in areas of the world where hand-washing is less frequent and sewage is likely contaminating water sources.
Typhoid Infection is very common in Indonesia, to the point that a lot of people consider it a joke. North Jakarta has the most number of people getting Typhoid Infection in Indonesia. With a population of 1,729,444 (2014 – latest statistics), there are at least over 3,100 reported cases of Typhoid in a year with a 32% hospitalization rate (995 people a year) in North Jakarta alone. Actual numbers are considerably higher, due to under-reporting of cases and inadequate surveillance.
Why Is Typhoid Vaccine Important?
Typhoid fever is a life-threatening illness caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi. It causes high fever, fatigue, weakness, stomach pains, headache, loss of appetite, and sometimes rashes. Without proper and adequate medication, about 30% of people who get it might die. Getting your Typhoid Vaccine is mandatory, due to these facts:
- Some people who get typhoid become “carriers”, who continue to have the Typhoid bacteria in their bloodstream and organs, thus easily spreading the disease to others.
- Typhoid easily spread from contaminated food or water. Habits of eating from street food vendors are one of the highest risk of getting Typhoid Infection.
- Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) Salmonella typhi has been rising significantly. More antibiotics are unable to cure Typhoid Infection.
Financial Burden of Typhoid Infection and Cost-Benefit of Typhoid Vaccine
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Who Should Be Getting The Typhoid Vaccine?
CDC recommends routine typhoid vaccine administration for food handlers (food vendors, mothers who cook, etc). However, if you live or have plans to travel to Southeast Asia (especially Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand), it is best to receive your typhoid jab at least once every three years. Medical workers in Southeast Asian countries should also receive typhoid vaccine to prevent spreading of bacteria from close contact.
Get Your Typhoid Vaccine Now!
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